Date of imagery: 31 Dec 2009 26 Feb 2013

Heritage Resource E27

Resource Summary

Resource ID
EAMENA-0116462
Names
Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna ( Designation )
لبدة الكبرى ( Toponym )
Leptis Magna ( Toponym )
(موقع لبدة الأثري (لبتس ماغنا) (لبدة الكبرى ( Designation )
World Heritage List 183 ( Designation )
Lpqy ( Toponym )
Lepcis Magna ( Toponym )
لبتس ماغنا ( Toponym )
Overall Site Certainty
Definite
Site function(s)
Trade/Commercial ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Religious ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Defensive/Fortification ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Status/Display/Monumental ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Military ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Domestic ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Entertainment/Leisure ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Public ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Cultural periods
World War 1 ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Late Roman (Tripolitania/North Tunisia/Central Tunisia/Algeria) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Vandal (Tripolitania, North/Central Tunisia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Medieval (North Africa) ( Period ) Probable ( Certainty )
Late Proto-historic/Numidian (Tripolitania) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Proto-historic/Punic (Tripolitania) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Byzantine (Tripolitania/North Tunisia/Central Tunisia) ( Period ) Probable ( Certainty )
Roman Provincial (Tripolitania/North Tunisia/Central Tunisia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )

Classification

Feature forms within Heritage Resource
Bank/Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Colour/Texture Difference ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Depression/Hollow ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Depression/Hollow ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Ditch/Trench ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Paved/Laid Surface ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Paved/Laid Surface ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Rubble Spread/Architectural Fragments ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Tower ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Feature intepretations within Heritage Resource
Amphitheatre ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Barrage/Dam ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Basilica (Roman) ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Bath-house ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Bridge ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Building ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Cemetery ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Church/Chapel ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Circus/Hippodrome ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Cistern ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Colonnaded Street ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Fort/Fortress/Castle ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Fountain ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Gateway/Arch/Intersection ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 6 to 10 ( Number )
Gathering Area ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Government/Administrative Building ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
House/Dwelling ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Lighthouse ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Market/Commercial Unit ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Port/Harbour ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Portico/Stoa ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 6 to 10 ( Number )
Ramparts/Fortification/Defensive Earthwork ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Ramparts/Fortification/Defensive Earthwork ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Road/Track ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Settlement/Habitation Site ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Storage Facility ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Sub-surface Material ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Temple/Sanctuary/Shrine ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Theatre/Odeon ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Tomb/Grave/Burial ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Watchtower/Observation Post ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )

Condition

Overall condition of resource
Fair
Overall disturbance extent
91-100%
Types of disturbances affecting the resource
Natural - Cause: Seismic Activity - From: 0365-07-21 - To: 0365-07-21
Development - Cause: Structural Robbing - To: 1686-01-01
Trade/Commercial - Cause: Structural Robbing - From: 1686-01-01 - To: 1708-12-31
Trade/Commercial - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1686-01-01 - To: 1708-12-31
Status/Display/Monumental - Cause: Structural Robbing - From: 1816-01-01 - To: 1817-12-31
Status/Display/Monumental - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1816-01-01 - To: 1817-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1910-01-01 - To: 1911-12-31
Military - Cause: Clearance (Unclassified) - From: 1913-01-01 - To: 1919-12-31
Military - Cause: Construction - From: 1913-01-01 - To: 1919-12-31
Military - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1913-01-01 - To: 1919-12-31
Military - Cause: Gunfire/Light Weaponry - From: 1913-01-01 - To: 1919-12-31
Unknown - Cause: Structural Robbing - From: 1910-01-01 - To: 1935-12-31
Unknown - Cause: Graffiti - To: 1943-01-01
Military - Cause: Unknown - From: 1943-01-01 - To: 1945-12-31
Agricultural/Pastoral - Cause: Vegetation/Crops - To: 1949-11-05
Unknown - Cause: Road/Track - To: 1949-11-05
Agricultural/Pastoral - Cause: Ploughing - To: 1949-11-05
Natural - Cause: Trees - To: 1949-11-05
Natural - Cause: Vegetation/Crops - To: 1949-11-05
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1920-01-01 - To: 1964-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Reconstruction - From: 1920-01-01 - To: 1964-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1964-01-01 - To: 1968-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Reconstruction - From: 1961-01-01 - To: 1971-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1974-04-01 - To: 1974-09-30
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1986-01-01 - To: 1997-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Reconstruction - From: 1996-01-01 - To: 1997-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1994-01-01 - To: 1997-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1989-01-01 - To: 1999-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1996-01-01 - To: 2001-12-31
Unknown - Cause: Demolition - From: 1949-11-05 - To: 2004-02-29
Infrastructure/Transport - Cause: Construction - From: 1949-11-05 - To: 2004-02-29
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 2001-01-01 - To: 2004-12-31
Unknown - Cause: Clearance (Unclassified) - From: 2006-04-03 - To: 2011-03-01
Unknown - Cause: Demolition - From: 2006-04-03 - To: 2011-03-01
Unknown - Cause: Road/Track - From: 2004-02-29 - To: 2011-03-01
Unknown - Cause: Construction - From: 2011-08-14 - To: 2013-01-11
Unknown - Cause: Road/Track - From: 2011-08-14 - To: 2013-01-11
Development - Cause: Clearance (Bulldozing/Levelling) - From: 2011-08-14 - To: 2013-01-11
Unknown - Cause: Demolition - From: 2013-11-11 - To: 2014-02-04
Unknown - Cause: Construction - From: 2013-11-11 - To: 2014-02-04
Unknown - Cause: Road/Track - From: 2004-02-29 - To: 2017-04-01
Agricultural/Pastoral - Cause: Vegetation/Crops - From: 1949-11-05 - To: 2017-04-15
Natural - Cause: Water Action - From: 1949-11-05 - To: 2017-04-15
Natural - Cause: Trees - From: 1949-11-05 - To: 2017-04-15
Agricultural/Pastoral - Cause: Ploughing - From: 1949-11-05 - To: 2017-04-15
Natural - Cause: Vegetation/Crops - From: 1949-11-05 - To: 2017-04-15
Archaeological - Cause: Conservation - From: 1910-01-01 - To: 2017-04-15
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - From: 1949-11-05 - To: 2017-04-15
Potential impact factors on the resource
Archaeological - Potential cause: Conservation
Unknown - Potential cause: Construction
Archaeological - Potential cause: Excavation (Unclassified)
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Potential cause: Maintenance/Preventative Measures
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Potential cause: Occupation/Continued Use
Agricultural/Pastoral - Potential cause: Ploughing
Natural - Potential cause: Precipitation
Unknown - Potential cause: Road/Track
Natural - Potential cause: Trees
Natural - Potential cause: Vegetation/Crops
Agricultural/Pastoral - Potential cause: Vegetation/Crops
Natural - Potential cause: Water Action

Designations

Designation and Protection Status

Type: UNESCO World Heritage List From: 1982-12-13
Type: UNESCO World Heritage in Danger List From: 2016-07-14

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