Date of imagery: 31 Dec 2009 04 Feb 2016

Heritage Resource E27

Resource Summary

Resource ID
EAMENA-0116921
Names
Gebal ( Toponym )
Gebla ( Toponym )
Giblet ( Toponym )
Goubala ( Toponym )
World Heritage List 295 ( Designation )
Byblos ( Toponym )
Jbail ( Toponym )
Jubayl ( Toponym )
جبيل‎‎ ( Toponym )
Overall Site Certainty
Definite
Site function(s)
Maritime ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Public ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Religious ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Funerary/Memorial ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Domestic ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Entertainment/Leisure ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Defensive/Fortification ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Hunting/Fishing ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Trade/Commercial ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Cultural periods
French Mandate Period (Syria/Lebanon) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Ottoman (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Mamluk (Arabia/Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Crusader (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Islamic (Arabia/Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Possible ( Certainty )
Fatimid (Arabia/Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Probable ( Certainty )
Medieval (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Byzantine (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Roman (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Hellenistic (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Persian (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Iron Age (Southern Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Late Bronze Age 2/Late Late Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Late Bronze Age 1 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Middle Bronze Age 2 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Middle Bronze Age I (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Bronze Age 4 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Bronze Age 3 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Bronze Age 2 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Bronze Age 1 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Chalcolithic (Southern Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Neolithic (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )

Classification

Feature forms within Heritage Resource
Cave ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Object ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 500+ ( Number )
Object ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Paved/Laid Surface ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 6 to 10 ( Number )
Rubble Spread/Architectural Fragments ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Scatter ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Upright Stone ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Wall ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 6 to 10 ( Number )
Feature intepretations within Heritage Resource
Basilica (Roman) ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Building/Enclosure ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Church/Chapel ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Cistern ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Colonnaded Street ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Column/Obelisk ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Flooring/Mosaic/Paving ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Fort/Fortress/Castle ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Fountain ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Gateway/Arch/Intersection ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Gathering Area ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
House/Dwelling ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Market/Commercial Unit ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Mine/Quarry/Extraction ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Mosque/Madrasa Complex ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Port/Harbour ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Ramparts/Fortification/Defensive Earthwork ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Sarcophagus/Coffin ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Sculpture/Statue ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Settlement/Habitation Site ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Standing Stone ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Temple/Sanctuary/Shrine ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 6 to 10 ( Number )
Theatre/Odeon ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Tomb/Grave/Burial ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 500+ ( Number )
Well ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )

Condition

Overall condition of resource
Fair
Overall disturbance extent
91-100%
Types of disturbances affecting the resource
Domestic - Cause: Construction - To: 1860-01-01
Domestic - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - To: 1860-01-01
Domestic - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - To: 1860-01-01
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1860-01-01 - To: 1864-01-01
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - To: 1921-01-01
Looting - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - To: 1921-01-01
Natural - Cause: Land/Rock Slide - From: 1922-01-01 - To: 1922-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1921-01-01 - To: 1924-01-01
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1925-01-01 - To: 1963-12-31
Industrial/Productive - Cause: Explosion/Heavy Weaponry - From: 2006-07-14 - To: 2006-07-15
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - From: 1921-01-01 - To: 2016-01-17
Domestic - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - From: 1860-01-01 - To: 2016-01-17
Potential impact factors on the resource
Development - Potential cause: Construction
Domestic - Potential cause: Occupation/Continued Use
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Potential cause: Road/Track
Natural - Potential cause: Vegetation/Crops
Natural - Potential cause: Water Action

Designations

Designation and Protection Status

Type: UNESCO World Heritage List From: 1984-01-01

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