Date of imagery: 28 Jul 2009 02 Jul 2015

Heritage Resource E27

Resource Summary

Resource ID
EAMENA-0116644
Names
MEGA-Jordan 58463 ( Designation )
DAAHL 353003287 ( Alternative Reference )
Raqmu ( Toponym )
JADIS 1997.001 ( Designation )
Petra ( Toponym )
World Heritage List 326 ( Designation )
البتراء ( Toponym )
Overall Site Certainty
Definite
Site function(s)
Status/Display/Monumental ( Function ) High ( Certainty )
Hydrological ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Funerary/Memorial ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Religious ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Domestic ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Trade/Commercial ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Cultural periods
Iron Age (Southern Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Roman (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Iron Age 1 (Southern Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Nabatean (Material Culture) (Arabia/Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Byzantine (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Middle Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Roman (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Late Roman (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Hellenistic (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
British Mandate Period (Palestine/Transjordan) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Iron Age 2 (Southern Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Bronze Age (Southern Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )

Classification

Feature forms within Heritage Resource
Bank/Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Cave ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 500+ ( Number )
Ditch/Trench ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Modified Rock Surface ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 500+ ( Number )
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 500+ ( Number )
Platform/Terrace ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Feature intepretations within Heritage Resource
Altar ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Amphitheatre ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Barrage/Dam ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Bath-house ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Boundary/Barrier ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Channel ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Church/Chapel ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Cistern ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Colonnaded Street ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Gateway/Arch/Intersection ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
House/Dwelling ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Reservoir/Birka ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Settlement/Habitation Site ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Significant Building ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Temple/Sanctuary/Shrine ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Theatre/Odeon ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )

Condition

Overall condition of resource
Fair
Overall disturbance extent
61-90%
Types of disturbances affecting the resource
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1929-01-01 - To: 1929-12-12
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1934-01-01 - To: 1934-12-12
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1955-01-01 - To: 1955-12-12
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1961-01-01 - To: 1962-12-12
Looting - Cause: Unknown - From: 1985-01-01 - To: 1985-12-12
Status/Display/Monumental - Cause: Graffiti - From: 1985-01-01 - To: 1985-12-12
Domestic - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - To: 1985-12-12
Natural - Cause: Temperature/Humidity Change - To: 1994-04-01
Natural - Cause: Flooding - From: 1996-01-01 - To: 1996-12-12
Archaeological - Cause: Conservation - From: 1990-01-01 - To: 1999-12-12
Unknown - Cause: Dumping - From: 2004-01-01 - To: 2004-12-12
Natural - Cause: Water Action - To: 2004-12-31
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Construction - To: 2004-12-31
Status/Display/Monumental - Cause: Graffiti - From: 2005-01-01 - To: 2005-12-12
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Road/Track - To: 2006-01-08
Natural - Cause: Land/Rock Slide - From: 2009-05-01 - To: 2009-05-31
Looting - Cause: Unknown - From: 2009-01-01 - To: 2009-12-12
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Grazing/Animal Movement - To: 2010-01-01
Natural - Cause: Land/Rock Slide - From: 2010-03-01 - To: 2010-03-31
Status/Display/Monumental - Cause: Graffiti - To: 2011-12-12
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Maintenance/Preventative Measures - From: 2010-01-01 - To: 2011-12-12
Unknown - Cause: Dumping - To: 2012-07-01
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Grazing/Animal Movement - From: 2010-01-01 - To: 2012-12-12
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Construction - From: 2004-12-31 - To: 2013-05-24
Domestic - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - From: 1985-01-01 - To: 2013-12-12
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1974-01-01 - To: 2015-12-12
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Road/Track - From: 2006-01-08 - To: 2016-06-08
Natural - Cause: Water Action - From: 2004-12-31 - To: 2016-06-08
Potential impact factors on the resource
Archaeological - Potential cause: Conservation
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Potential cause: Construction
Archaeological - Potential cause: Excavation (Hand)
Natural - Potential cause: Flooding
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Potential cause: Grazing/Animal Movement
Natural - Potential cause: Land/Rock Slide
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Potential cause: Maintenance/Preventative Measures
Archaeological - Potential cause: Maintenance/Preventative Measures
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Potential cause: Road/Track
Natural - Potential cause: Temperature/Humidity Change
Natural - Potential cause: Water Action

Designations

Designation and Protection Status

Type: MEGA-Jordan From: 2011-05-11
Type: JADIS From: 1994-09-30
Type: UNESCO World Heritage List From: 1985-01-01

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