Date of imagery: 10 Nov 2010 24 Dec 2010

Heritage Resource E27

Resource Summary

Resource ID
EAMENA-0116932
Names
Ṣīdūnu ( Toponym )
Saïda ( Toponym )
UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List 398 ( Designation )
Ṣaydā ( Toponym )
Li05547 ( Alternative Reference )
Ṣidna ( Toponym )
Sidon-yam ( Toponym )
Ṣīdūna ( Toponym )
Sidon ( Toponym )
Saiete ( Toponym )
صيدون ( Toponym )
Σιδών ( Toponym )
صيدا‎‎ ( Toponym )
Overall Site Certainty
Definite
Site function(s)
Trade/Commercial ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Defensive/Fortification ( Function ) Definite ( Certainty )
Cultural periods
Abbasid (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Middle Bronze Age 2 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Bronze Age 2 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Bronze Age 1 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Mamluk (Arabia/Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Hellenistic (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Probable ( Certainty )
French Mandate Period (Syria/Lebanon) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Ottoman (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Crusader (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Bronze Age 3 (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Roman (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Persian (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Medieval (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Iron Age (Southern Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Late Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Middle Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Early Bronze Age (Southern Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )

Classification

Feature forms within Heritage Resource
Bank/Wall ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Depression/Hollow ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Depression/Hollow ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Depression/Hollow ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Depression/Hollow ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Depression/Hollow ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 6 to 10 ( Number )
Ditch/Trench ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Ditch/Trench ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Large Mound ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Object ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 500+ ( Number )
Paved/Laid Surface ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 51 to 100 ( Number )
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Rubble Spread/Architectural Fragments ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 100 to 500 ( Number )
Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Feature intepretations within Heritage Resource
Basin/Tank ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Bath-house ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Building ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 11 to 20 ( Number )
Burnt Area ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Cemetery ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Channel ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Education/Athletics Building ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Enclosure ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Flooring/Mosaic/Paving ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 51 to 100 ( Number )
Fort/Fortress/Castle ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Grove/Garden/Orchard ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Hearth/Oven ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Port/Harbour ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Production/Processing (Metal) ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Production/Processing (Unclassified) ( Type ) Medium ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Ramparts/Fortification/Defensive Earthwork ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Road/Track ( Type ) Medium ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Sculpture/Statue ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Settlement/Habitation Site ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Significant Building ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Storage Facility ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 21 to 50 ( Number )
Sub-surface Material ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) Unknown ( Number )
Tell ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Temple/Sanctuary/Shrine ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )
Theatre/Odeon ( Type ) Medium ( Certainty ) 1 ( Number )
Tomb/Grave/Burial ( Type ) Definite ( Certainty ) 100 to 500 ( Number )
Well ( Type ) High ( Certainty ) 2 to 5 ( Number )

Condition

Overall condition of resource
Poor
Overall disturbance extent
61-90%
Types of disturbances affecting the resource
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1914-01-01 - To: 1914-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1920-01-01 - To: 1920-12-31
Development - Cause: Demolition - From: 1961-01-01 - To: 1963-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 1964-01-01 - To: 1965-12-31
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 1998-08-10 - To: 1998-09-12
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Bulldozing/Machinery) - From: 1998-08-10 - To: 1998-09-12
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Bulldozing/Machinery) - From: 2000-07-10 - To: 2000-08-26
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - From: 2000-07-10 - To: 2000-08-26
Domestic - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - To: 2004-02-08
Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - From: 2001-01-01 - To: 2012-07-15
Development - Cause: Construction - From: 2005-07-12 - To: 2013-10-25
Development - Cause: Construction - From: 2013-10-25 - To: 2014-05-03
Natural - Cause: Trees - From: 2004-05-08 - To: 2016-07-23
Potential impact factors on the resource
Development - Potential cause: Clearance (Unclassified)
Development - Potential cause: Construction
Archaeological - Potential cause: Excavation (Unclassified)
Tourism/Visitor Activities - Potential cause: Occupation/Continued Use
Domestic - Potential cause: Occupation/Continued Use
Domestic - Potential cause: Pollution
Natural - Potential cause: Water Action

Designations

Designation and Protection Status

Type: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List From: 1996-07-01

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